课程名称：（中文）预防医学 （英文）Preventive medicine
预防医学(第二版 施 榕主编，高等教育出版社，全国高等医学规划教材)
Course Introduction of Hygiene
Course name: Hygiene
Teaching objects: medical college students, including all bachelors and college level students major in non-preventive medicine.
With the rapid development of modern medical science and technology, the medical model has been converted from the solo-cause-solo-result model, which was the biological model, to bio-psycho-social medical model. Especially, the worldwide epidemic of some severe diseases, such as AIDS, SARS and the bird flu, has pushed public health and disease prevention and control issues in front of all. Public health and preventive medicine has been gradually showing their irreplaceable properties than ever. Therefore, preventive medicine is set as a primary course in all medical colleges and universities for all students except who is major in that, e.g. for the clinical medicine, nursing, laboratory medicine, diagnostic radiology students etc. Hygiene is a primary branch of preventive medicine and based on the principle of ‘prevention first’, is a science of study on the relationship between the external environment and human health, is a complete course system that consist of the environmental and occupational hygiene, nutrition and food hygiene and medical statistics. The features of hygiene are based on the environment-population-health research mode to observe the principles of disease occurrence and development in populations, to analyze the influence and principles of major environmental causes affecting on the development of diseases and public health by using multiply methods of the basic science, clinical medicine, epidemiology, environment hygiene and medical statistics, to provide the scientific evidences and implementation principles of improving and utilizing environmental hygiene, to constitute the disease prevention and control policy and strategies, to eventually achieve the objectives of disease prevention, public health promotion and the improvement of quality of life in populations via those measures.
The study objectives of environmental and occupational hygiene for all medical students should be as following: to learn the concepts of relationship between environment and health; to have comprehensive grasps of all types of environmental factors which could influence health, the concepts that improvement and utilization of environment are the important methods of disease prevention, health promotion and improvement of quality of life; to accept the concepts of prevention first and the strategy of prevention at three levels, to apply them to the practice for handling of the related problems during medical service; to have comprehensive grasps of the basic principles, basic knowledge and basic skills of health promotion in individuals and public by disease prevention, those are the prerequisites of being a general physician, and to be geared to the community medical service needs.
The study objectives of medical statistics are, to master the primary scientific thoughts and extrapolability; to be familiar with the basic principles, methodology and skills of medical statistics; to have the basic capacity of medical research design, statistical analysis and evaluation, which can be the good statistical preparation for literature reading and researches.
The course content includes introduction and 13 chapters. The introduction section explains the research objects and objectives of hygiene, the brief history of its development, the main contents and study purpose of it. Chapters have detailed explanations on the contents as following: human environment and ecological balance, the influence of environmental pollution on health, the prevention and control of environmental pollution, the influences of living environment, food, working environment and social-psychological effect on health, disease prevention and health policy and strategy, community medical service, the basic definitions and concepts in medical statistics, statistical analysis of numerical and categorical variables, rank sum test, linear correlation and regression, and medical research design.
Teaching mode: lectures and experiment (or practice). Total of class hours is 122, which includes 82 class hours of lectures and 12 class hours of experiments. The proportion of lectures/ experiments is 7.3:1.
Textbook: Preventive medicine ( Shi rong, people’s medical publishing house, the research society of medicine textbooks development for national college and university programmed textbook, Ministry of Health programmed textbook, textbook for national college and university)
Evaluation mode: Paper Examination